The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is an engineering entrance assessment conducted for admission to various engineering colleges in India. It is constituted by two different examinations: the JEE Main and the JEE Advanced.
The Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA) conducts the joint admission process for a total of 23 Indian Institute of Technology campuses, 31 National Institute of Technology campuses, 25 Indian Institute of Information Technology campuses and 19 other Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs) based on the rank obtained by a student in JEE Main and JEE Advanced.
There are some institutes, such as the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs), the Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE), the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), which use the score obtained in the JEE Advanced examination as the basis for admission.These institutes do not participate in the post-examination counselling session (JoSAA). Any student who takes admission to an Indian Institute of Technology cannot appear for the JEE Advanced examination again, but the same is not the case with NIT, IISc, IISERs, RGIPT, IIPE, and IIST since they have separate and exclusive counselling sessions.
JEE Main is being conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA). JEE Main has two papers, Paper-I and Paper-II. Candidates may opt for either or both of them. Both papers contain multiple choice questions. Paper-I is for admission to B.E./B.Tech courses and is conducted in a Computer Based Test mode. Paper-II is for admission in B.Arch and B.Planning courses and will also be conducted in Computer Based Test mode except for one paper, namely the 'Drawing Test' which shall be conducted in Pen and Paper mode or offline mode. From January 2020 an additional Paper - III is being introduced for B.Planning courses separately.
JEE Main 2022 paper 1 will have physics , chemistry and maths sections. Each section will have 20 single choice questions and 10 numerical questions out of which only five numerical questions are to be attempted. The marking scheme for SCQs, +4 marks for correct answer and -1 marks for incorrect answer and 0 marks for not answered, and for numerical type questions, +4 marks for correct and -1 for incorrect and 0 marks for not answered.
JEE exam paper-1 is of three hours duration and maximum marks are 300.
JEE Advanced exam is conducted for entry into 23 IIT's and some other prestigious universities like IISC Bangalore, IIST Thiruvananthapuram, Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISERs), Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT). This exam is conducted by any one of the IIT's every year. In 2021 the exam was conducted by IIT Kharagpur. In 2022, 2023 it shall be conducted by IIT Bombay and IIT Guwahati respectively. More than 2 lakh students become eligible to write JEE Advanced every year. The students who qualify the JEE-Main exam become eligible for the JEE-Advanced examination.
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